Results of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy in 541 Consecutive Patients with Low Baseline Body Mass Index (30-35 kg/m 2)

Obes Surg. 2016 Dec;26(12):2824-2828. doi: 10.1007/s11695-016-2224-y.

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is currently the leading bariatric procedure and targets, among other obesity classes, patients with BMI 30-35 kg/m2, which are reaching alarming proportions.

Methods: Between February 2010 and August 2015, data on 541 consecutive patients with BMI 30-35 kg/m2 undergoing LSG were prospectively collected and analyzed.

Results: Mean age was 32 ± 8 years (13-65) and 419 (77.4 %) were women. Preoperative weight was 92.0 ± 8.8 kg (65-121) and BMI was 32.6 ± 1.5 kg/m2 (30-35). Comorbidities were detected in 210 (39 %) patients. Operative time was 74 ± 12 min (40-110) and postoperative stay was 1.7 ± 0.22 days (1-3). There were no deaths, leaks, abscesses or strictures and the rate of hemorrhage was 1.2 %. At 1 year, 98 % were followed and BMI decreased to 24.7 ± 1.6, the percentage of total weight loss (% TWL) was 24.1 ± 4.7 while the percentage of excess BMI loss (%EBMIL) reached 106.1 ± 24.1. At 5 years, 76 % of followed patients achieved a ≥50 % EBMIL.

Conclusion: With appropriate surgical expertise, LSG in patients with BMI 30-35 kg/m2 achieved excellent outcomes with a zero fistula rate.

Keywords: BMI 30–35 kg/m2; Gastric leaks; Mild obesity; Obesity surgery; Sleeve gastrectomy.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index*
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Gastrectomy / adverse effects
  • Gastrectomy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy / adverse effects
  • Laparoscopy / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / complications
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Obesity / surgery*
  • Operative Time
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Loss / physiology
  • Young Adult