Objective: To investigate fetal left ventricular function using the left ventricular modified myocardial performance index (mod-MPI) and E wave/A wave peak velocity (E/A) ratio, and to explore the success of mod-MPI in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcomes in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP).
Methods: Forty-one ICP cases were compared with 41 gestational age-matched healthy controls. Opening and closing clicks of the mitral and aortic valves were used to define the three time periods [ejection time (ET), isovolumetric contraction time (ICT) and isovolumetric relaxation time (IRT)], which were employed in the calculation of mod-MPI [mod-MPI = (ICT + IRT)/ET]. The E/A ratio was calculated as well.
Results: Fetal left ventricular mod-MPI values were significantly higher in the ICP group compared to controls (0.56 ± 0.09 versus 0.37 ± 0.04, p < 0.001), whereas the E/A ratio was lower (0.62 ± 0.11 versus 0.69 ± 0.10, p = 0.011). The optimal cutoff level for mod-MPI in prediction of adverse perinatal outcomes was >0.48 [sensitivity: 81.8%, specificity: 67.6%, area under the curve (AUC): 0.750, 95% CI: 0.613-0.887, p = 0.008].
Conclusions: Fetuses of ICP cases have significant left ventricular dysfunction. Mod-MPI can be used in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcomes in ICP.
Keywords: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy; left ventricle; myocardial performance index.