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. 2016 May 17;9:277.
doi: 10.1186/s13104-016-2074-7.

Cases of Human Brucellosis in Sweden Linked to Middle East and Africa

Free PMC article

Cases of Human Brucellosis in Sweden Linked to Middle East and Africa

Giuliano Garofolo et al. BMC Res Notes. .
Free PMC article


Background: Human brucellosis cases are still reported each year in Sweden despite eradication of the disease in animals. Epidemiological investigation has never been conducted to trace back the source of human infection in the country. The purpose of the study was to identify the source of infection for 16 human brucellosis cases that occurred in Sweden, during the period 2008-2012.

Results: The isolates were identified as Brucella melitensis and MLVA-16 genotyping revealed 14 different genotypes of East Mediterranean and Africa lineages. We also reported one case of laboratory-acquired brucellosis (LAB) that was shown to be epidemiological linked to one of the cases in the current study.

Conclusions: Brucella melitensis was the only species diagnosed, confirming its highest zoonotic potential in the genus Brucella, and MLVA-16 results demonstrated that the cases of brucellosis in Sweden herein investigated, are imported and linked to travel in the Middle East and Africa. Due to its zoonotic concerns, any acute febrile illness linked to recent travel within those regions should be investigated for brucellosis and samples should be processed according to biosafety level 3 regulations.

Keywords: Brucella melitensis; Brucellosis; MLVA.


Fig. 1
Fig. 1
UPGMA assessment of relationships MLVA-16 profiles for 16 B. melitensis isolates from Sweden and 455 B. melitensis of West Mediterranean and Africa lineages available from MLVA bank. Swedish isolates are highlighted in red, other strains are identified by progressive numbers and geographic source. The branches unrelated are collapsed

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