An SNP site in pri-miR-124, a brain expressed miRNA gene, no contribution to mesial temporal lobe epilepsy in an Italian sample

Neurol Sci. 2016 Aug;37(8):1335-9. doi: 10.1007/s10072-016-2597-7. Epub 2016 May 17.


Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is the most common type of refractory epilepsy and is usually associated with hippocampal sclerosis (Hs). The pathogenesis of MTLE involves many biological pathways, some of which seem to be regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). Increasing evidence shows that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or mutations in miRNAs sequence may affect the processing and function of miRNAs and participate in the occurrence of diseases. In this study, the effect of the SNP of one neuronal miRNA, miR-124, on susceptibility to MTLE was investigated using a case control study. To understand the role, a common C/G polymorphism designated rs531564 in the molecular mechanisms of MTLE, we sought to determine whether this genetic variant could influence susceptibility to disease in a cohort of 307 MTLE patients and 306 healthy controls, using TaqMan allelic discrimination assay, on an Applied Biosystems PCR platform. No statistically significant differences were found in the allele or genotype distributions of the miR-124 rs531564 polymorphism among MTLE patients and MTLE-free control subjects (p > 0.05). Our results demonstrate that this SNP has no major role in genetic susceptibility to MTLE, at least in the population studied here.

Keywords: Association studies; Genetic susceptibility; Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy; Single nucleotide polymorphism; miR-124a.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe / epidemiology
  • Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe / genetics*
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics*
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Male
  • MicroRNAs / genetics*
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*


  • MIRN124 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs