Phenotypic dynamics of microglial and monocyte-derived cells in glioblastoma-bearing mice

Sci Rep. 2016 May 19:6:26381. doi: 10.1038/srep26381.


Inflammatory cells, an integral component of tumor evolution, are present in Glioblastomas multiforme (GBM). To address the cellular basis and dynamics of the inflammatory microenvironment in GBM, we established an orthotopic syngenic model by grafting GL261-DsRed cells in immunocompetent transgenic LysM-EGFP//CD11c-EYFP reporter mice. We combined dynamic spectral two-photon imaging with multiparametric cytometry and multicolor immunostaining to characterize spatio-temporal distribution, morphology and activity of microglia and blood-derived infiltrating myeloid cells in live mice. Early stages of tumor development were dominated by microglial EYFP(+) cells invading the tumor, followed by massive recruitment of circulating LysM-EGFP(+) cells. Fluorescent invading cells were conventional XCR1(+) and monocyte-derived dendritic cells distributed in subpopulations of different maturation stages, located in different areas relative to the tumor core. The lethal stage of the disease was characterized by the progressive accumulation of EGFP(+)/EYFP(+) monocyte-derived dendritic cells. This local phenotypic regulation of monocyte subtypes marked a transition in the immune response.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Animals
  • Brain Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Dendritic Cells / cytology
  • Dendritic Cells / metabolism
  • Dendritic Cells / pathology*
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Glioblastoma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Glioblastoma / metabolism
  • Glioblastoma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Luminescent Proteins / genetics
  • Luminescent Proteins / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Microglia / cytology*
  • Microglia / metabolism
  • Microglia / pathology
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence, Multiphoton
  • Middle Aged
  • Monocytes / cytology*
  • Monocytes / metabolism
  • Monocytes / pathology
  • Multimodal Imaging / methods*
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • Phenotype
  • Young Adult


  • Luminescent Proteins