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, 20 (1), 25-8

A Correlative Study of the Levels of Salivary Streptococcus Mutans, Lactobacilli and Actinomyces With Dental Caries Experience in Subjects With Mixed and Permanent Dentition

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A Correlative Study of the Levels of Salivary Streptococcus Mutans, Lactobacilli and Actinomyces With Dental Caries Experience in Subjects With Mixed and Permanent Dentition

Achala Chokshi et al. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol.

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the study was to estimate the salivary levels of Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacilli and Actinomyces and to correlate it with dental caries experience in mixed and permanent dentition.

Materials and methods: The sample size comprised 110 subjects. The decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index of all the individuals participating in the study was calculated. Saliva samples were collected from patients and samples were inoculated on specific culture media and incubated for a period of 48 h. Based on colony characteristics, S. mutans, Lactobacilli and Actinomyces were identified.

Results: A positive correlation exists between DMFT and S. mutans, Lactobacilli and Actinomyces in mixed dentition and permanent dentition group samples (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: The conclusion from the results obtained was that S. Mutans, lactobacilli and Actinomyces which are the components of the normal microbial flora of the oral cavity play an important role in the pathogenesis of dental caries and increased number of microorganisms is associated with an increased caries frequency.

Keywords: Actinomyces; Streptococcus mutans; decayed; dental caries; lactobacilli; missing and filled teeth.

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