Effects of Hamstring Stretch With Pelvic Control on Pain and Work Ability in Standing Workers

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2016 Nov 21;29(4):865-871. doi: 10.3233/BMR-160703.


Background: Hamstring tightness induces posterior pelvic tilt and decreased lumbar lordosis, which can result in low back painOBJECTIVE: We investigated effects of hamstring stretch with pelvic control on pain and work ability in standing workers.

Methods: One hundred adult volunteers from a standing workers were randomly assigned to pelvic control hamstring stretching (PCHS) (n = 34), general hamstring stretching (GHS) (n = 34), control (n = 32) groups. The control group was performed self-home exercise. All interventions were conducted 3 days per week for 6 weeks, and included in the hamstring stretching and lumbopelvic muscle strengthening. Outcomes were evaluated through the visual analog scale (VAS), straight leg raise test (SLR), sit and reach test (SRT), Oswestry disability index (ODI), and work ability index (WAI).

Results: Significant difference in VAS, SLR, SRT, ODI, and WAI were found in the PCHS and GHS groups. The control group was a significant difference only in ODI. The PCHS group showed a greater difference than the GHS group and control group in VAS, SLR, SRT, and ODI.

Conclusions: The pelvic control hamstring stretch exercise would be more helpful in back pain reduction and improvement of work ability in an industrial setting.

Keywords: Hamstring stretch; industrial worker; low back pain; pelvic control; standing worker; work ability.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / physiopathology
  • Low Back Pain / prevention & control*
  • Male
  • Muscle Stretching Exercises*
  • Occupational Diseases / physiopathology
  • Occupational Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Posture / physiology*
  • Republic of Korea
  • Visual Analog Scale