Circadian rhythm of a red-tide dinoflagellate Peridinium quadridentatum in the port of Veracruz, Gulf of Mexico, its thecal morphology, nomenclature and geographical distribution

Mar Pollut Bull. 2016 Jul 15;108(1-2):289-96. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.04.047. Epub 2016 May 16.


A circadian rhythm of the dinoflagellate Peridinium quadridentatum was studied at a time-series station in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico, in May 2007. Different substrates (water column, the seagrass Thalassia testudinum, macroalgae, coral rubble and sandy sediment surface) were sampled at the site at 1.5-3.5m depth. In the samples of coral rubble, P. quadridentatum was scarce. In the water column, the species showed an abundance peak at 15:00. The cell abundance of P. quadridentatum in Thalassia samples increased from 15:00 until 18:00 (1.81×10(4)cells/gsubstratewet weight), and then continuously decreased until 06:00. Changes in P. quadridentatum cell abundance on macroalgae followed the same trend as on Thalassia, with the maximal value at 18:00. The higher abundance of P. quadridentatum (up to 1.40×10(4)cells/gSWW) in macroalgae samples showed the preference for seaweeds. P. quadridentatum has a neritic tropical-boreal distribution. A new combination is proposed: Peridinium quadridentatum var. trispiniferum.

Keywords: Circadian rhythms; Dinoflagellates; Eutrophication; Gulf of Mexico; Harmful algal blooms; Microalgae.

MeSH terms

  • Circadian Rhythm / physiology*
  • Dinoflagellida / genetics
  • Dinoflagellida / growth & development*
  • Dinoflagellida / ultrastructure
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Harmful Algal Bloom*
  • Hydrocharitaceae / genetics
  • Hydrocharitaceae / growth & development*
  • Hydrocharitaceae / ultrastructure
  • Mexico
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Oceans and Seas
  • Seawater