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Comparative Study
, 486 (1), 190-4

The Geniculohypothalamic Tract in Monkey and Man

Comparative Study

The Geniculohypothalamic Tract in Monkey and Man

R Y Moore. Brain Res.


The intergeniculate leaflet (IGL) of the lateral geniculate complex in rodents contains neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive (NPY-IR) neurons which project to the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. In the macaque monkey and human brain, a large portion of the pregeniculate nucleus contains NPY-IR neurons indicating that this is the primate homologue of the rodent IGL. The monkey SCN has a dense plexus of NPY-IR axons identical in location and appearance to that in rodents. As in other mammals, no NPY-IR neurons are found in the monkey SCN. In contrast, in the human SCN, the NPY-IR plexus is less dense than in the monkey and there are numerous NPY-IR neurons. This suggests that the human SCN differs in organization from that of other mammals and that the functional homologue of the mammalian geniculohypothalamic tract is local circuit NPY+ neurons within the nucleus.

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