Between 1977 and 1986, 1598 patients were admitted to the Firefighters' Burn Unit of the University of Alberta Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta. One hundred and twenty-five (7.8 per cent) of these patients were Treaty Indians or Metis compared to 4.2 per cent of the general population in the same given area. The data show native people suffered larger total body surface area (TBSA) burns, were hospitalized on average 16.9 days longer and required 0.7 more operations than their non-native counterparts. Natives are also three times more likely to remain within the health care system as inpatients for rehabilitation after acute burn management has been completed. Mortality rates as a result of these burns were similar for natives (4.8 per cent) and non-natives (4.3 per cent). This review indicates that the native population is at higher risk of suffering burn injury even after adjusting for certain demographic variables, consequently impacting the utilization of the health care system.