Indwelling and Retrieval Complications of Denali and Celect Infrarenal Vena Cava Filters

J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2016 Jul;27(7):1021-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2016.03.034.


Purpose: To compare indwelling and retrieval complications of Denali and Celect filters placed in the infrarenal inferior vena cava (IVC).

Materials and methods: A retrospective study was conducted over 2 years at a single institution in which 171 Denali and 162 Celect filters were placed in 333 patients with a mean age of 62.3 years ± 15.7 (161 men; 48.3%). Filter indications included venous thromboembolic disease (n = 320; 96.1%) and surgical prophylaxis (n = 13; 3.9%). A jugular approach was used to place 303 filters (91.0%). Computed tomography (CT) follow-up, complications, and retrieval data were obtained.

Results: Follow-up CT imaging was performed on 58 filters from each group with lower incidences of caval strut penetration (one vs 12) and filter tilt (one vs 15) in the Denali filter group (P = .002 and P < .001, respectively). There was no difference in incidences of breakthrough pulmonary embolism (P = .68). Retrieval attempts were performed on 43 Denali and 53 Celect filters with mean indwelling times at retrieval of 128.2 and 144.1 days, respectively (P = .40). Mean fluoroscopy time at retrieval was lower in the Denali group (3.1 min vs 6.0 min; P = .01). There were fewer cases of complex retrieval in the Denali group (n = 2 vs 10; P = .06). Tilt, fluoroscopy time, and air kerma were associated with complex retrieval (P = .04, P < .001, and P < .001, respectively). There was one Denali filter deployment complication that led to retrieval failure.

Conclusions: This study suggests that Denali filters are associated with lower incidences of strut penetration and filter tilt as well as shorter fluoroscopy time at retrieval compared with Celect filters when placed in the infrarenal IVC.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Chicago
  • Computed Tomography Angiography
  • Device Removal / adverse effects*
  • Device Removal / methods
  • Female
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phlebography / methods
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects*
  • Prosthesis Implantation / instrumentation*
  • Radiography, Interventional / methods
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vena Cava Filters / adverse effects*
  • Vena Cava, Inferior* / diagnostic imaging