Comparison of EMG activity on abdominal muscles during plank exercise with unilateral and bilateral additional isometric hip adduction

J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2016 Oct:30:9-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2016.05.003. Epub 2016 May 11.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of additional isometric hip adduction during the plank exercise on the abdominal muscles. Twenty healthy young men participated in this study. Surface electromyography (EMG) was used to monitor the activity of the bilateral rectus abdominis (RA), the internal oblique (IO), and the external oblique (EO) muscles. The participants performed three types of plank exercise; the standard plank exercise, the plank exercise with bilateral isometric hip adduction, and the plank exercise with unilateral isometric hip adduction. All abdominal muscle activity was significantly increased during the plank exercise combined with the bilateral and unilateral isometric hip adduction compared with the standard plank exercise (p<0.05). Bilateral IO, EO, and left RA muscle activity was significantly increased during the unilateral isometric hip adduction compared with the bilateral isometric hip adduction (p<0.05). These findings suggest that additional isometric hip adduction during the plank exercise could be a useful method to enhance abdominal muscle activity. In particular, the unilateral isometric hip adduction is a more beneficial exercise than the bilateral isometric hip adduction.

Keywords: Electromyography; Hip adduction; Plank exercise; Trunk stability.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Muscles / physiology*
  • Abdominal Oblique Muscles / physiology
  • Adult
  • Back Muscles / physiology
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Electromyography / methods*
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Hip / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Isometric Contraction / physiology*
  • Male
  • Rectus Abdominis / physiology
  • Resistance Training / methods*