Management of epiblepharon: state of the art

Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2016 Sep;27(5):433-8. doi: 10.1097/ICU.0000000000000285.


Purpose of review: Epiblepharon is prevalent in East-Asian children. As the population in Asia is increasing, so is the demand for epiblepharon surgery. Surgeons should be familiar with the standards of beauty and needs of Asian people for epiblepharon management. This review provides a comprehensive summary of the published studies on the clinical manifestations, pathophysiology, and management of epiblepharon.

Recent findings: Astigmatism is prevalent in epiblepharon patients, which can contribute to amblyopia. Early surgery and visual rehabilitation is important for epiblepharon patients with a high degree of astigmatism and amblyopia. Various etiologic factors play a role in the pathophysiology of epiblepharon. Surgical procedures focusing on creation of a lower eyelid crease have been popular for treating epiblepharon in Western textbooks; however, this is not appropriate for Asian patients in whom, a crease may be undesirable. In selecting surgical methods, it is important to resect a minimal amount of skin-muscle to avoid the adverse effects of ectropion and eyelid retraction.

Summary: Although epiblepharon may resolve with facial growth, surgical correction is needed for cases in which there is significant corneal injury from the lash touch. Surgical management should focus on techniques that are effective, with little chance of complication, and do not create a lower eyelid crease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amblyopia / ethnology
  • Amblyopia / surgery
  • Asian People / ethnology
  • Astigmatism / ethnology
  • Astigmatism / surgery
  • Child, Preschool
  • Eyelid Diseases / congenital*
  • Eyelid Diseases / ethnology
  • Eyelid Diseases / surgery
  • Eyelids / abnormalities*
  • Eyelids / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures*

Supplementary concepts

  • Epiblepharon of Upper Lid