Macrovascular Lesions Underlying Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Semin Neurol. 2016 Jun;36(3):244-53. doi: 10.1055/s-0036-1581994. Epub 2016 May 23.


Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a morbid disease with a high case fatality rate. Prognosis, rehemorrhage rates, and acute, clinical decision making are greatly affected by the underlying etiology of hemorrhage. This review focuses on the evaluation, diagnosis, and management of structural, macrovascular lesions presenting with ICH, including ruptured aneurysms, brain arteriovenous malformations, cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas, and cerebral cavernous malformations.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain
  • Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / complications*
  • Prognosis