The effect of cannabinoids on dinitrofluorobenzene-induced experimental asthma in mice

Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2016 Sep;231:7-13. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2016.05.012. Epub 2016 May 20.


Cannabinoids have anti-inflammatory effects and can produce bronchodilation in the airways. We have investigated the effects of cannabinoids on tracheal hyperreactivity and airway inflammation in dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced experimental non-atopic asthma in mice. 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-induced contraction response was enhanced while carbachol- and electrical field stimulation-induced contractions, and isoprenaline-induced relaxation responses were remained unchanged in DNFB group. The increased 5-HT-induced contractions were inhibited by incubation with either atropine or tetrodotoxin. DNFB application resulted in increased macrophage number in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). In vivo ACEA (CB1 agonist) treatment prevented the increase in 5-HT contractions, while JWH133 (CB2 agonist) had no effect. However, neither ACEA nor JWH133 prevented the increase in macrophage number in BALF. In vitro ACEA incubation also inhibited the increase in 5-HT contraction in DNFB group. These results show that cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist can prevent tracheal hyperreactivity to 5-HT in DNFB-induced non-atopic asthma in mice.

Keywords: Airway hyperreactivity; Cannabinoids; DNFB; Mouse; Non-atopic asthma.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcholine / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Asthma / drug therapy*
  • Asthma / pathology
  • Asthma / physiopathology
  • Atropine / pharmacology
  • Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists / pharmacology*
  • Cannabinoids / pharmacology
  • Carbachol / pharmacology
  • Dinitrofluorobenzene
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Female
  • Macrophages / pathology
  • Macrophages / physiology
  • Mice
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1 / agonists*
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1 / metabolism
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2 / agonists*
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2 / metabolism
  • Serotonin / pharmacology
  • Tetrodotoxin / pharmacology
  • Trachea / drug effects*
  • Trachea / physiopathology


  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents
  • CNR1 protein, mouse
  • Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists
  • Cannabinoids
  • Cnr2 protein, mouse
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2
  • Serotonin
  • Tetrodotoxin
  • Atropine
  • Carbachol
  • Dinitrofluorobenzene
  • Acetylcholine
  • 1,1-dimethylbutyl-1-deoxy-Delta(9)-THC