Video fluorescein angiography, combined with a picture analyzing system, is a clinically applicable, objective method of evaluating the retinal blood-flow parameters. Optical density measurements were performed on videorecordings of fluorescence angiograms by means of a picture-analyzing system in order to determine the circulation parameters of the retina. These included: the arm-retina time (ART), the arteriovenous passage time (AVP), and the mean arterial dye-bolus velocity (MDV). Normal values for these parameters were derived from measurements in 75 healthy volunteers. The mean arm-retina time (ART) was 11.2 +/- 3.3 s, the mean arteriovenous passage time (AVP) 1.45 +/- 0.4 s and the mean arterial dye-bolus velocity (MDV) 6.39 +/- 1.7 mm/s. No significant correlation could be shown between pulse or blood pressure and one of the retinal circulation parameters. A group of ten healthy volunteers was examined twice in order to obtain the intraindividual variation for the measuring parameters. The coefficient of variation for the ART was 18%, 10% for the AVP, and 26% for the MDV.