Biological effects of rutin on skin aging

Int J Mol Med. 2016 Jul;38(1):357-63. doi: 10.3892/ijmm.2016.2604. Epub 2016 May 24.


Rutin, a quercetin glycoside is a member of the bioflavonoid family which is known to possess antioxidant properties. In the present study, we aimed to confirm the anti‑aging effects of rutin on human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) and human skin. We examined the effects of rutin using a cell viability assay, senescence-associated-β-galactosidase assay, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and by measuring reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activity in vitro. To examine the effects of rutin in vivo, rutin‑containing cream was applied to human skin. A double-blind clinical study was conducted in 40 subjects aged between 30-50 years and divided into control and experimental groups. The test material was applied for 4 weeks. After 2 and 4 weeks, dermal density, skin elasticity, the length and area of crow's feet, and number of under-eye wrinkles following the application of either the control or the rutin-containing cream were analyzed. Rutin increased the mRNA expression of collagen, type I, alpha 1 (COL1A1) and decreased the mRNA expression of matrix metallopeptidase 1 (MMP1) in HDFs. We verified that ROS scavenging activity was stimulated by rutin in a dose‑dependent manner and we identified that rutin exerted protective effects under conditions of oxidative stress. Furthermore, rutin increased skin elasticity and decreased the length, area and number of wrinkles. The consequences of human aging are primarily visible on the skin, such as increased wrinkling, sagging and decreased elasticity. Overall, this study demonstrated the biological effects of rutin on ROS-induced skin aging.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cell Death / drug effects
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Cellular Senescence / drug effects
  • Collagen Type I / genetics
  • Collagen Type I / metabolism
  • Dermis / pathology
  • Elastic Modulus / drug effects
  • Elasticity
  • Female
  • Fibroblasts / drug effects
  • Fibroblasts / pathology
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / toxicity
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 / genetics
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 / metabolism
  • Middle Aged
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rutin / pharmacology*
  • Skin Aging / drug effects*
  • Skin Cream / pharmacology


  • Collagen Type I
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Rutin
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 1