Engineering the Campylobacter jejuni N-glycan to create an effective chicken vaccine

Sci Rep. 2016 May 25;6:26511. doi: 10.1038/srep26511.

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni is a predominant cause of human gastroenteritis worldwide. Source-attribution studies indicate that chickens are the main reservoir for infection, thus elimination of C. jejuni from poultry would significantly reduce the burden of human disease. We constructed glycoconjugate vaccines combining the conserved C. jejuni N-glycan with a protein carrier, GlycoTag, or fused to the Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide-core. Vaccination of chickens with the protein-based or E. coli-displayed glycoconjugate showed up to 10-log reduction in C. jejuni colonization and induced N-glycan-specific IgY responses. Moreover, the live E. coli vaccine was cleared prior to C. jejuni challenge and no selection for resistant campylobacter variants was observed. Analyses of the chicken gut communities revealed that the live vaccine did not alter the composition or complexity of the microbiome, thus representing an effective and low-cost strategy to reduce C. jejuni in chickens and its subsequent entry into the food chain.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacterial Vaccines* / genetics
  • Bacterial Vaccines* / immunology
  • Campylobacter Infections* / genetics
  • Campylobacter Infections* / immunology
  • Campylobacter Infections* / prevention & control
  • Campylobacter Infections* / veterinary
  • Campylobacter jejuni* / genetics
  • Campylobacter jejuni* / immunology
  • Campylobacter jejuni* / pathogenicity
  • Chickens* / immunology
  • Chickens* / microbiology
  • Escherichia coli* / genetics
  • Escherichia coli* / immunology
  • Poultry Diseases* / genetics
  • Poultry Diseases* / immunology
  • Poultry Diseases* / microbiology
  • Poultry Diseases* / prevention & control

Substances

  • Bacterial Vaccines