Learning About and Benefiting From Peer Review: A Course Assignment for Doctoral Students at Two Different Universities

J Nurs Educ. 2016 Jun 1;55(6):342-4. doi: 10.3928/01484834-20160516-07.

Abstract

Background: Peer review is an expectation of PhD-prepared nurses but a lack of evidence in the best methods to train students is of concern.

Method: Guided by the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation) model, faculty at two universities developed, implemented, and evaluated a peer review assignment for 22 second-year PhD nursing students. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics and content analysis.

Results: Students reported the process of peer review was beneficial (82%) because it informed their own writing (59%), assisted them to read more critically (73%), and increased their appreciation of the role of peer review in the revision process (77%). Giving constructive feedback was difficult for students, but the feedback they received was helpful.

Conclusion: Peer review is important to the development of science and an expectation of PhD-prepared nurses. Methods to include peer review in education are needed. [J Nurs Educ. 2016;55(6):342-344.].

MeSH terms

  • Education, Nursing, Graduate*
  • Feedback
  • Humans
  • Models, Educational*
  • Peer Review*
  • Reading
  • Students, Nursing / psychology*
  • Universities
  • Writing*