Cronobacter spp

Microbiol Spectr. 2016 Apr;4(2). doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.EI10-0002-2015.


The Cronobacter group of pathogens, associated with severe and potentially life-threatening diseases, until recently were classified as a single species, Enterobacter sakazakii. The group was reclassified in 2007 into the genus Cronobacter as a member of the Enterobacteriaceae. This chapter outlines the history behind the epidemiology, analyzes how our understanding of these bacteria has evolved, and highlights the clinical significance the Cronobacter spp. have for neonatal and elderly patient populations and treatment of the associated infections.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cronobacter / classification*
  • Cronobacter / drug effects
  • Cronobacter / genetics
  • Cronobacter / pathogenicity
  • Enterobacteriaceae Infections / drug therapy
  • Enterobacteriaceae Infections / epidemiology
  • Enterobacteriaceae Infections / microbiology*
  • Humans


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents