Mild Hyperbaric Oxygen Inhibits Growth-related Decrease in Muscle Oxidative Capacity of Rats with Metabolic Syndrome

J Atheroscler Thromb. 2017 Jan 1;24(1):26-38. doi: 10.5551/jat.34686. Epub 2016 May 26.


Aim: We examined the effects of mild hyperbaric oxygen on the properties of the soleus muscle in rats with metabolic syndrome.

Methods: Five-week-old metabolic syndrome (SHR/NDmcr-cp, cp/cp) rats were divided into normobaric (CP) and mild hyperbaric oxygen (CP-H) groups (n=5/group). In addition, 5-week-old Wistar rats were assigned as the normobaric control (WR) group (n=5). The CP-H group was exposed to 1.25 atmospheres absolute with 36% oxygen for 3 h daily for 16 weeks. Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity and mRNA levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (Pgc-1α) in the soleus muscle were examined. The fiber type composition, cross-sectional areas, and SDH staining intensity in the soleus muscle were also examined.

Results: The CP-H group showed lower fasting and nonfasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, total cholesterol, triglyceride, insulin, and systolic blood pressure levels; higher adiponectin levels; and higher SDH activity and mRNA levels of Pgc-1α in the muscle than the CP group. Compared with the CP group, the CP-H group had a lower percentage of type I fibers and observed type IIA fibers in the muscle. The CP-H group also had higher SDH staining intensity of type Ⅰ and type IIC fibers in the muscle than the CP group. No differences in these values were observed in the muscles of the WR and CP-H groups.

Conclusion: Mild hyperbaric oxygen inhibited growth-related increase in blood glucose levels and decrease in muscle oxidative capacity of rats with metabolic syndrome because of improved oxidative metabolism.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomarkers / analysis
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Hyperbaric Oxygenation / methods*
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / physiopathology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Muscle, Skeletal / pathology
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Oxygen / pharmacology*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred SHR
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • Biomarkers
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Oxygen