Factors predictive of panic disorder in cardiology patients with chest pain and no evidence of coronary artery disease: a cross-validation

J Psychosom Res. 1989;33(2):207-15. doi: 10.1016/0022-3999(89)90048-2.


Recent data indicate that a substantial number of cardiology patients with chest pain and no clinical evidence of coronary artery disease suffer from panic disorder. Discriminant function analysis reveals that a self-report anxiety measure alone, or in conjunction with minimal demographic information, can predict whether such patients have panic disorder. Predictive accuracy ranges from 69 to 76% correct classification, significantly improving upon chance predictions alone. A 'split-half' design was used in order to cross-validate predictive equations, and the total sample was also analyzed so as to provide the most stable equation. Clinical and future research implications of these findings are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anxiety Disorders / complications
  • Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Chest Pain / complications
  • Chest Pain / diagnosis*
  • Fear*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Panic*
  • Personality Inventory