Comparison of Balance Performance Between Thai Classical Dancers and Non-Dancers

J Dance Med Sci. 2016;20(2):72-8. doi: 10.12678/1089-313X.20.2.72.


Thai classical dance is a traditional dramatic art, the technique of which has many features in common with South East Asian performing art. The choreographic patterns consist of various forms of balance control together with limb movements in slow rhythm. The grace and beauty of the dancer are dependent on how well the limb movements curve and angle. The relationship of whole body proportion and balance control in various patterns of support base is also important. The purpose of this study was to compare balance abilities between Thai classical dancers and non-dancers in different balance conditions. Twenty-five Thai classical dancers and 25 non-dancers performed the modified Sensory Organization Test (mSOT) and were further challenged by adding dynamic head tilts (DHTs) in four different directions during mSOT. Mixed model ANOVA was applied to determine the equilibrium score in each balance condition and also the interaction between dancer and non-dancer groups. It was found that Thai classical dancers achieved better equilibrium scores in all mSOT conditions except the least challenging one. Moreover, additional multitask conditions (mSOT+DHT) were revealed to profoundly affect differences between dancers and controls. In conclusion, Thai classical dancers demonstrated a better ability to maintain postural stability during different challenging postural tests. This information suggests various ways of putting the practice of Thai classical dance to use in the future.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Performance / physiology*
  • Dancing / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Orientation, Spatial / physiology*
  • Postural Balance / physiology*
  • Posture
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology*
  • Reference Values
  • Thailand
  • Visual Perception
  • Young Adult