Lipid Homeostasis and Ligands for Liver X Receptors: Identification and Characterization

Methods Mol Biol. 2016:1443:13-9. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-3724-0_2.


Screening of bona fide ligands for nuclear receptors is a real tour de force as the identified molecules are supposed to be able to activate the targeted proteins in cell culture as well as in vivo. Indeed orphan nuclear receptors are putative pharmacologically targets for various diseases. It is thus necessary to have quick and reproductive systems that help in identifying new ligands, agonist or antagonist, before using them in vivo in animal models to check for secondary effects. Here, we describe the transient transfections (homologous and heterologous) used for the screening of ligands for liver X receptor α (LXRα, NR1H3) in HeLa cells.

Keywords: LXR; Ligand screening; Oxysterols; Pharmacological target; Transient transfection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • HeLa Cells
  • High-Throughput Screening Assays / methods*
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Ligands*
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Lipids / chemistry
  • Liver X Receptors / chemistry*
  • Liver X Receptors / genetics
  • Liver X Receptors / metabolism*
  • Luciferases / metabolism
  • Transfection / methods*


  • Ligands
  • Lipids
  • Liver X Receptors
  • Luciferases