We assessed whether insulin sensitivity improved after renal denervation (RDN) for resistant hypertension. Twenty-three patients underwent a two-step hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (HEC) with glucose tracer and labeled glucose infusion and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) before and 6 months after RDN. Eighteen patients had metabolic syndrome at baseline. Blood pressure declined significantly after RDN, whereas mean (SD) fasting plasma glucose concentration (5.9 ± 0.7 mmol/L), median (minimum-maximum) insulin concentration (254 pmol/L [88-797 pmol/L]), and median C-peptide concentration (2.4 nmol/L [0.9-5.7 nmol/L]) remained unchanged. Endogenous glucose release during HEC was less suppressed after RDN, suggesting a slight decrease in hepatic insulin sensitivity. During high-dose insulin infusion, whole-body glucose disposal was low and remained unchanged after RDN, indicating persistent peripheral insulin resistance (IR). Area under the curve for 0-120 min for glucose and insulin during OGTT, Quantitative Insulin Sensitivity Check Index, Simple Index Assessing Insulin Sensitivity Oral Glucose Tolerance, and HOMA-IR were high, and did not improve after RDN. Despite a significant decrease in blood pressure, neither peripheral nor hepatic insulin sensitivity improved 6 months after RDN treatment in this group of insulin-resistant patients without diabetes and with resistant hypertension, as measured with gold standard methods.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01630928.
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