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Review
. 2017 Aug;152(4):355-359.
doi: 10.23736/S0392-0488.16.05358-X. Epub 2016 Jun 1.

Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in Cutaneous Melanoma

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Review

Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in Cutaneous Melanoma

Simone Ribero et al. G Ital Dermatol Venereol. .

Abstract

The management of melanoma is constantly evolving. New therapies and surgical advances have changed the landscape over the last years. Since being introduced by Dr Donald Morton, the role of sentinel lymph node has been debated. In many melanoma centers, sentinel node biopsy is not a standard of care for melanoma above 1 mm in thickness. The results of the MSLT-II Trial are not available for a while and in the meantime, this procedure is offered as a prognostic indicator as it has been shown to be very useful for assessing risk of relapse. The biology of lymph node spread in melanoma is a complex field and there are many factors which influence it such as age, melanoma body site, thickness but other factors such as regression, ulceration and gender need further evaluation. In this review, we address the clinical value of sentinel lymph node biopsy and how its indication has changed over the years especially recently with the setup of many adjuvant trials which are offered to stage 3 melanomas.

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