Gomafu lncRNA knockout mice exhibit mild hyperactivity with enhanced responsiveness to the psychostimulant methamphetamine

Sci Rep. 2016 Jun 2;6:27204. doi: 10.1038/srep27204.

Abstract

The long noncoding RNA Gomafu/MIAT/Rncr2 is thought to function in retinal cell specification, stem cell differentiation and the control of alternative splicing. To further investigate physiological functions of Gomafu, we created mouse knockout (KO) model that completely lacks the Gomafu gene. The KO mice did not exhibit any developmental deficits. However, behavioral tests revealed that the KO mice are hyperactive. This hyperactive behavior was enhanced when the KO mice were treated with the psychostimulant methamphetamine, which was associated with an increase in dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens. RNA sequencing analyses identified a small number of genes affected by the deficiency of Gomafu, a subset of which are known to have important neurobiological functions. These observations suggest that Gomafu modifies mouse behavior thorough a mild modulation of gene expression and/or alternative splicing of target genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing
  • Animals
  • Behavior Rating Scale
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dopamine / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Knockout Techniques
  • Gene Regulatory Networks
  • Hyperkinesis / genetics*
  • Hyperkinesis / metabolism
  • Hyperkinesis / psychology*
  • Methamphetamine / administration & dosage*
  • Mice
  • Neurons / cytology
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Nucleus Accumbens / metabolism
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / genetics*
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA
  • Sympathomimetics / administration & dosage*

Substances

  • Miat long non-coding RNA
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • Sympathomimetics
  • Methamphetamine
  • Dopamine