Combined Treatment With Sitagliptin and Vitamin D in a Patient With Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep. 2016;2016:150136. doi: 10.1530/EDM-15-0136. Epub 2016 May 27.

Abstract

Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is a relatively new type of diabetes with a clinical phenotype of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and an immunological milieu characterized by high titers of islet autoantibodies, resembling the immunological profile of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Herein, we report a case of a young male, diagnosed with LADA based on both clinical presentation and positive anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GAD-abs), which were normalized after combined treatment with a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4) (sitagliptin) and cholecalciferol.

Learning points: Anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GAD-abs) titers in young patients being previously diagnosed as type 2 diabetes (T2D) may help establish the diagnosis of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA).Sitagliptin administration in patients with LADA might prolong the insulin-free period.Vitamin D administration in patients with LADA might have a protective effect on the progression of the disease.