Subdural Empyema Caused by Neisseria meningitidis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016 Oct;35(10):1156-9. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001252.


Subdural empyema complicating meningococcal meningitis is rare. We describe a case and 14 previously reported cases; all had persistent fever and 12 had seizures. Initial cerebrospinal fluid showed raised protein with low glucose values. Neuroimaging confirmed the diagnosis in all cases where undertaken. Ten children had neurosurgical intervention. Clinical outcome was available in 14 cases; a full recovery was reported in 10 and 1 child died.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Empyema, Subdural*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Meningitis, Meningococcal*
  • Neisseria meningitidis*