Research on the Effect of the Foot Bath and Foot Massage on Residual Schizophrenia Patients

Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2016 Jun;30(3):375-81. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2016.01.002. Epub 2016 Jan 11.


Researchers performed foot baths and massages for residual schizophrenia patients to gauge the effects on psychiatric symptoms. Subjects were six residual schizophrenia patients hospitalized in a psychiatric hospital. Three times a week for 4weeks, they received an 8-minute effleurage massage to their legs after a 10-minute foot bath. The effect of physiological relaxation was identified by a significant decline in heart rate in all cases. The results of the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale are as follows: a mean score of 29.0 was measured before treatment, which lowered to 21.5 after treatment, indicating that foot care improved their negative symptoms (p<0.05).The results of the Quality of Life Scale before the foot care intervention, were 10.5 and increased to 34.0 after the intervention, indicating improvement in their quality of life (p<0.05). The results of the two measurements indicate that foot baths and massages were effective in improving psychiatric symptoms.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Baths / psychology*
  • Female
  • Foot
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Massage / psychology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality of Life / psychology
  • Schizophrenia / therapy*
  • Schizophrenic Psychology*