Advances in Motivational Interviewing for Pediatric Obesity: Results of the Brief Motivational Interviewing to Reduce Body Mass Index Trial and Future Directions

Pediatr Clin North Am. 2016 Jun;63(3):539-62. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2016.02.008.


Rates of childhood obesity in the United States remain at historic highs. The pediatric primary care office represents an important yet underused setting to intervene with families. One factor contributing to underuse of the primary care setting is lack of effective available interventions. One evidence-based method to help engage and motivate patients is motivational interviewing, a client-centered and goal-oriented style of counseling used extensively to increase autonomous motivation and modify health behaviors. This article summarizes the methods and results from a large trial implemented in primary care pediatric office and concludes with recommendations for improving the intervention and increasing its dissemination.

Trial registration: NCT01335308.

Keywords: Motivational interviewing; Pediatric obesity; Primary care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Body Mass Index
  • Child
  • Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Child Welfare / trends
  • Clinical Trials as Topic*
  • Female
  • Health Promotion / trends*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motivational Interviewing / trends*
  • Pediatric Obesity / complications
  • Pediatric Obesity / therapy*
  • Primary Health Care / trends
  • Psychotherapy, Brief / trends*
  • United States

Associated data