Dietary manganese source does not affect Mn, Zn and Cu tissue deposition and the activity of manganese-containing enzymes in lambs

J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2016 Dec:38:138-143. doi: 10.1016/j.jtemb.2016.05.003. Epub 2016 May 20.


Manganese (Mn) is a trace element required for normal physiological processes in animals and humans. Organic forms of trace elements are expected to have higher bioavailability in comparison with inorganic sources. The effect of feeding a diet supplemented with different sources of manganese to lambs was studied in a 112-d feeding trial. The aim of this study was to investigate the deposition of Mn in relation to activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and arginase in the tissues of lambs fed the diet supplemented with an inorganic or an organic source of manganese up to the maximum total Mn content allowed in the European Union (150mg Mn/kg). A total of eighteen female lambs of the improved Valachian breed were randomly allocated to three dietary treatments and fed an unsupplemented basal diet (Control, 31mg Mn/kg) or the identical diet supplemented with manganese sulphate (MnSO4) or manganese chelate of glycine hydrate (Mn-Gly) with a total Mn content up to 150mg/kg. Regardless of the source, feed supplementation with manganese increased Mn concentrations in plasma (P˂0.05) and the liver (P˂0.001) as well as the activity of liver MnSOD (P˂0.05) and arginase (P˂0.001) compared with the control lambs. In the kidney cortex, the concentration of Mn was greatest in lambs fed the diet supplemented with the chelated Mn source compared with animals receiving the inorganic Mn source (P˂0.05) and the unsupplemented diet (P˂0.001). The 112-d intake of feed enriched with manganese did not result in any change in Mn levels, SOD or MnSOD activity in pancreas and kidney tissues. Plasma Cu concentration was depressed in both supplemented treatments. No analyzed tissue showed a change in zinc and copper levels, except the greater Cu concentration in the liver of lambs fed the diet with Mn-Gly. The presented results did not indicate any differences between dietary Mn sources either in Mn tissue deposition or activity of SOD, MnSOD and arginase in lamb tissues; however, it seems that manganese intake of up to 150mg/kg in feed may decrease plasma Cu concentration in lambs.

Keywords: Manganese; Mineral distribution; Ruminants; Superoxide dismutase.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arginase / metabolism*
  • Copper / pharmacokinetics*
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Female
  • Manganese / administration & dosage*
  • Manganese / pharmacokinetics*
  • Manganese Compounds / administration & dosage
  • Sheep
  • Sulfates / administration & dosage
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism*
  • Zinc / pharmacokinetics*


  • Manganese Compounds
  • Sulfates
  • Manganese
  • Copper
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Arginase
  • Zinc
  • manganese sulfate