The engineered ascorbate peroxidase (APEX2) has been effectively employed in mammalian cells to identify protein-protein interactions. APEX2 fused to a protein of interest covalently tags nearby proteins with biotin-phenol (BP) when H2O2 is added to the cell culture medium. Subsequent affinity purification of biotinylated proteins allows for identification by MS. BP labelling occurs in 1 min, providing temporal control of labelling. The APEX2 tool enables proteomic mapping of subcellular compartments as well as identification of dynamic protein complexes, and has emerged as a new methodology for proteomic analysis. Despite these advantages, a related APEX2 approach has not been developed for yeast. Here we report methods to enable APEX2-mediated biotin labelling in yeast. Our work demonstrated that high osmolarity and disruption of cell wall integrity permits live-cell biotin labelling in Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Saccharomyces cerevisiae respectively. Under these conditions, APEX2 permitted targeted and proximity-dependent labelling of proteins. The methods described herein set the stage for large-scale proteomic studies in yeast. With modifications, the method is also expected to be effective in other organisms with cell walls, such as bacteria and plants.
Keywords: APEX2; ascorbate peroxidase; protein–protein interaction; proximity-dependent biotinylation; sorbitol; yeast.
© 2016 The Author(s). published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society.