Road Traffic Accident Victims' Experiences of Return to Normal Life: A Qualitative Study

Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2016 Apr 15;18(4):e29548. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.29548. eCollection 2016 Apr.


Background: Road traffic accident (RTA) victims also suffer from different types of injuries and disabilities, which can affect their quality of life. They usually face with various physical, mental, and social problems. Most traffic accident victims had difficulty to return to normal life.

Objectives: This study aimed to understand the experiences of return to normal life in RTA victims.

Patients and methods: This qualitative study with content analysis approach was conducted on 18 Iranian patients with disability in the upper or lower limbs caused by traffic accidents, who had passed a time between 3 months till 2 years. A purposeful sampling method was applied until reaching data saturation. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews. Afterwards, the gathered data were analyzed through conventional content analysis.

Results: By analyzing 498 primary codes, four main categories, including supportive needs, adaptation to the new situation, seeking information, and transition from functional limitation, were extracted from traffic accident victims' experiences of reintegration to normal life.

Conclusions: The results of this study may help policy-makers to take steps toward health promotion and recovery of RTA victims. Considering the results of this study, it is a need for further research to investigate RTAs victims' needs for reintegration to home and community. Access to training and supportive facilities like strong therapeutic, nursing and social support, and the possibility to participate in self-care activities is essential for reintegration to community in RTA victims.

Keywords: Content Analysis; Experiences; Life; Return; Road Traffic Accidents; Victims.