Fibre concentrate from artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) stem by-products: Characterization and application as a bakery product ingredient

Food Sci Technol Int. 2016 Dec;22(8):759-768. doi: 10.1177/1082013216654598. Epub 2016 Jun 8.


The potential of fibre concentrate from artichoke stem by-product in bakery application was investigated. The elaboration of fibre concentrate was characterized by an extraction yield of 48.5%. The chemical composition showed high total dietary fibre (85 g/100 g d.m) and low lipid contents (0.5 g/100 g d.m). The fibre concentrate showed good water holding capacity (8.17 g/g) and high oil holding capacity (16.17 g/g). The effect of fibre concentrate incorporation to wheat dough, at level of 2%, on the rheological properties and physical characteristics of bread was also evaluated. The results showed that the addition of fibre concentrate in wheat flour significantly improved (P < 0.05) dough properties inducing an increase of water absorption, stability and tenacity, and a reduction of extensibility and softening in comparison to the dough without fibre. The colour values of the crust and crumb were significantly (P < 0.05) altered by the addition of fibre concentrate. It was also found that incorporation of fibre concentrate to bread produced a comparable specific volume and enhanced the shelf life, as textural studies revealed.

Keywords: Breadmaking; colour; dietary fibre; texture.

MeSH terms

  • Bread / analysis
  • Color
  • Cynara scolymus / chemistry*
  • Dietary Fiber / analysis*
  • Flour / analysis
  • Food Additives / analysis*
  • Food Handling
  • Plant Stems / chemistry*
  • Triticum / chemistry


  • Dietary Fiber
  • Food Additives