Multiplex giant magnetoresistive biosensor microarrays identify interferon-associated autoantibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus

Sci Rep. 2016 Jun 9;6:27623. doi: 10.1038/srep27623.

Abstract

High titer, class-switched autoantibodies are a hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Dysregulation of the interferon (IFN) pathway is observed in individuals with active SLE, although the association of specific autoantibodies with chemokine score, a combined measurement of three IFN-regulated chemokines, is not known. To identify autoantibodies associated with chemokine score, we developed giant magnetoresistive (GMR) biosensor microarrays, which allow the parallel measurement of multiple serum antibodies to autoantigens and peptides. We used the microarrays to analyze serum samples from SLE patients and found individuals with high chemokine scores had significantly greater reactivity to 13 autoantigens than individuals with low chemokine scores. Our findings demonstrate that multiple autoantibodies, including antibodies to U1-70K and modified histone H2B tails, are associated with IFN dysregulation in SLE. Further, they show the microarrays are capable of identifying autoantibodies associated with relevant clinical manifestations of SLE, with potential for use as biomarkers in clinical practice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Autoantibodies / blood*
  • Autoantibodies / immunology
  • Biosensing Techniques / methods*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Humans
  • Immunoassay / methods*
  • Interferons / immunology*
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / blood*
  • Molecular Diagnostic Techniques / methods*
  • Protein Array Analysis / methods*
  • Ribonucleoprotein, U1 Small Nuclear / immunology
  • Sensitivity and Specificity

Substances

  • Autoantibodies
  • Ribonucleoprotein, U1 Small Nuclear
  • SNRNP70 protein, human
  • Interferons