Bioactive Compounds, Chemical Composition, and Medicinal Value of the Giant Puffball, Calvatia gigantea (Higher Basidiomycetes), from Turkey

Int J Med Mushrooms. 2016;18(2):97-107. doi: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v18.i2.10.


In this study, the compositions of Calvatia gigantea were first analyzed in order to elucidate its chemical basis for development as a health-enhancing food or medicine. This study investigates the chemical composition (nutritional value; phenolic, sugar and fatty acid content; aroma compounds) and antioxidant properties (radical scavenging activity, reducing power, and inhibition of lipid peroxidation) of C. gigantea. The results showed that C. gigantea contains phenolic compounds and sugars and is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (67.93%), proteins (34.37%), and carbohydrates (51.97%). The most abundant compounds were gentisic acid (23.26 µg/g; as a phenolic compound), trehalose (9.78 g/100g; as a sugar), and hexanal (34.71%; as an aroma compound). These findings suggest that C. gigantea might be a promising source of medicine and has the potential to be a health food and food supplementary product.

MeSH terms

  • Agaricales / chemistry*
  • Antioxidants / analysis
  • Biological Products / analysis*
  • Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Free Radical Scavengers / analysis
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Proteins / analysis
  • Turkey
  • Volatile Organic Compounds / analysis


  • Antioxidants
  • Biological Products
  • Carbohydrates
  • Fatty Acids
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Phenols
  • Proteins
  • Volatile Organic Compounds