Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index, Thymidine Phosphorylase and Survival of Localized Gastric Cancer Patients After Curative Resection

Oncotarget. 2016 Jul 12;7(28):44185-44193. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.9923.

Abstract

Systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), based on lymphocyte (L), neutrophil (N), and platelet (P) counts, was recently developed and reflects comprehensively the balance of host inflammatory and immune status. We explored its prognostic value in localized gastric cancer (GC) after R0 resection and the potential associations with Thymidine phosphorylase (TYMP), which was reported to increase the migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells. A total of 455 GC patients who received D2 gastrectomy were enrolled. Blood samples were obtained within 1 week before surgery to measure SII (SII = P × N/L). TYMP expression was measured on tumor sections by immunohistochemical analysis. Preoperative high SII indicated worse prognosis (HR: 1.799; 95% CI: 1.174-2.757; p = 0.007) in multivariate analysis and was associated with higher pathological TNM stage, deeper local invasion of tumor and lymph node metastasis (all p < 0.001). SII predicted poor overall survival in pathological TNM stage I subgroup also (p < 0.001). Furthermore we found that in high SII group, positive rate of TYMP expression increased (53.7% vs 42.7%, p = 0.046) and TYMP positive patients had higher SII score (median 405.9 vs. 351.9, p = 0.026). SII, as a noninvasive and low cost prognostic marker, may be helpful to identify higher-risk patients after R0 resection, even for stage I GC patients.

Keywords: gastric cancer; peripheral blood counts; survival; systemic immune-inflammation index; thymidine phosphorylase.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood Cell Count
  • Female
  • Gastrectomy / methods
  • Humans
  • Immune System / immunology*
  • Inflammation / immunology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / methods
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stomach Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / immunology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Survival Analysis
  • Thymidine Phosphorylase / metabolism*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Thymidine Phosphorylase