Long-term Blood Pressure Measurement in Freely Moving Mice Using Telemetry

J Vis Exp. 2016 May 17;(111):53991. doi: 10.3791/53991.

Abstract

During the development of new vasoactive agents, arterial blood pressure monitoring is crucial for evaluating the efficacy of the new proposed drugs. Indeed, research focusing on the discovery of new potential therapeutic targets using genetically altered mice requires a reliable, long-term assessment of the systemic arterial pressure variation. Currently, the gold standard for obtaining long-term measurements of blood pressure in ambulatory mice uses implantable radio-transmitters, which require artery cannulation. This technique eliminates the need for tethering, restraining, or anesthetizing the animals which introduce stress and artifacts during data sampling. However, arterial blood pressure monitoring in mice via catheterization can be rather challenging due to the small size of the arteries. Here we present a step-by-step guide to illustrate the crucial key passages for a successful subcutaneous implantation of radio-transmitters and carotid artery cannulation in mice. We also include examples of long-term blood pressure activity taken from freely moving mice after a period of post-surgery recovery. Following this procedure will allow reliable direct blood pressure recordings from multiple animals simultaneously.

Publication types

  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure
  • Blood Pressure Determination*
  • Catheterization
  • Heart Rate
  • Mice
  • Telemetry*
  • Time Factors