Fasciotomy for chronic compartment syndrome

Acta Orthop Scand. 1989 Apr;60(2):210-1. doi: 10.3109/17453678909149257.


During 1977 and 1978, we operated on 34 patients with chronic anterior tibial compartment syndrome. Surgery consisted of subcutaneous fasciotomy of the anterior crural compartment under local anesthesia. Twenty-three patients were operated on bilaterally. The mean follow-up was 10 years. One patient was lost to follow-up, leaving a total of 56 legs for assessment. The long-term result was excellent in 31 legs, good in 10, fair in 11, and poor in 4. There was one recurrence. This was relieved by refasciotomy.

MeSH terms

  • Anterior Compartment Syndrome / surgery*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Compartment Syndromes / surgery*
  • Fasciotomy*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male