#Sleepyteens: Social media use in adolescence is associated with poor sleep quality, anxiety, depression and low self-esteem

J Adolesc. 2016 Aug:51:41-9. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.05.008. Epub 2016 Jun 10.


This study examined how social media use related to sleep quality, self-esteem, anxiety and depression in 467 Scottish adolescents. We measured overall social media use, nighttime-specific social media use, emotional investment in social media, sleep quality, self-esteem and levels of anxiety and depression. Adolescents who used social media more - both overall and at night - and those who were more emotionally invested in social media experienced poorer sleep quality, lower self-esteem and higher levels of anxiety and depression. Nighttime-specific social media use predicted poorer sleep quality after controlling for anxiety, depression and self-esteem. These findings contribute to the growing body of evidence that social media use is related to various aspects of wellbeing in adolescents. In addition, our results indicate that nighttime-specific social media use and emotional investment in social media are two important factors that merit further investigation in relation to adolescent sleep and wellbeing.

Keywords: Adolescence; Anxiety; Depression; Self-esteem; Sleep; Social media.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior*
  • Anxiety Disorders / epidemiology
  • Anxiety Disorders / etiology*
  • Anxiety Disorders / psychology
  • Child
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Depressive Disorder / etiology*
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Scotland
  • Self Concept*
  • Sleep
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / epidemiology
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / etiology*
  • Social Media / statistics & numerical data*