Aim: Genetic variants affecting statin uptake, metabolism or predisposing to muscular diseases may confer susceptibility to statin-induced myopathy. Besides the SLCO1B1 rs4149056 genotype, common genetic variants do not seem to determine statin-associated myopathy. Here we aimed to address the potential role of rare variants.
Methods: We performed whole exome sequencing in 88 individuals suffering from statin-associated myopathy and assessed the burden of rare variants using candidate-gene and exome-wide association analysis.
Results: In the novel candidate gene CLCN1, we identified a heterozygote truncating mutation p.R894* in four patients. In addition, we detected predictably pathogenic case-specific variants in MYOT, CYP3A5, SH3TC2, FBXO32 and RBM20.
Conclusion: These findings support the role of rare variants and nominate loci for follow-up studies.
Keywords: CLCN1; atorvastatin; gene; myopathy; rosuvastatin; simvastatin; statin.