Prediction of maximal oxygen uptake and power during cycle ergometry in subjects older than 55 years of age

Am Rev Respir Dis. 1989 Jun;139(6):1424-9. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm/139.6.1424.


One hundred twenty-eight healthy volunteers (81 women, 47 men) older than 55 yr of age were studied with an incremental progressive cycle ergometer test to a symptom-limited, maximal tolerable work load. Mean (+/- SD) age was 66 +/- 6 yr in women and 66 +/- 5 years in men. Subjects with a history of ischemic heart disease, diabetes, pulmonary disease, or neuromuscular disease were excluded. Smokers were included, but all subjects had normal FEV1 and FVC. The objective of the study was to compare measured values of VO2max and Wmax in this older population with previously published predicted values based on subjects of all ages. We found that Wmax observed exceeded Wmax predicted by 9.5 +/- 22% (mean +/- SD) and that VO2max observed exceeded VO2max predicted by 17.5 +/- 22%. Because of this systematic underestimate of VO2max and Wmax by the previous prediction equations, we constructed new prediction equations for use in subjects older than 55 yr of age using height, weight, age, and sex as variables. We conclude that these new prediction equations more accurately predict Wmax and VO2max in subjects older than 55 yr of age because they are based solely on subjects in this age group.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Body Height
  • Body Weight
  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxygen Consumption*
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Reference Values
  • Respiration*
  • Vital Capacity