Effects of supplementation with curcumin on serum adipokine concentrations: A randomized controlled trial

Nutrition. 2016 Oct;32(10):1116-22. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2016.03.018. Epub 2016 Mar 31.

Abstract

Objective: Previous experimental studies have suggested curcumin as a safe phytochemical that can improve insulin resistance through effects on adiponectin and leptin. This study aimed to investigate the effect of curcumin on circulating adiponectin and leptin concentrations in patients with metabolic syndrome.

Methods: In this pilot, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, subjects who met the criteria of metabolic syndrome according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria were randomly assigned to curcumin (n = 59; 1000 mg/d) or a placebo (n = 58) for 8 wk. Serum adiponectin and leptin concentrations were determined before and after intervention. The pooled effect size for the impact of curcumin supplementation on serum adiponectin and leptin levels was also estimated using random-effects metaanalysis.

Results: Eight-week supplementation with curcumin was associated with a significant increase in serum adiponectin levels (P < 0.001) and a reduction in serum leptin concentrations (P < 0.001). Serum leptin:adiponectin ratio was also improved by curcumin (P < 0.001). These beneficial effects of curcumin remained significant after adjustment for changes in serum lipids and glucose concentrations and baseline differences in body mass index and serum levels of glucose and glycated hemoglobin as potential confounders of treatment response. Metaanalysis suggested that curcumin supplementation can increase adiponectin levels by 76.78% (95% CI: 6.14-147.42; P = 0.0330), and reduce leptin by 26.49% (95% CI: -70.44 to 17.46), however this latter effect size did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.238).

Conclusions: Curcumin can improve serum levels of adiponectin and leptin in patients with metabolic syndrome. This trial was registered at the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/) under Trial No. UMIN000018339.

Keywords: Adiponectin; Curcumin; Leptin; Meta-analysis; Metabolic syndrome.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adipokines / blood*
  • Adiponectin / blood
  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Curcumin / administration & dosage*
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Leptin / blood
  • Lipids / blood
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / blood*
  • Metabolic Syndrome / diet therapy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects

Substances

  • ADIPOQ protein, human
  • Adipokines
  • Adiponectin
  • Blood Glucose
  • Leptin
  • Lipids
  • Curcumin