Developing a Culturally Appropriate HIV and Hepatitis C Prevention Intervention for Latino Criminal Justice Clients

J Correct Health Care. 2016 Jul;22(3):206-17. doi: 10.1177/1078345816653875.


The population within the criminal justice system suffers from various health disparities including HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV). African American and Latino offenders represent the majority of the offender population. Evidence-based interventions to prevent HIV and HCV among criminal justice clients are scant and usually do not take cultural differences into account. Toward this end, this study describes the process of culturally adapting an HIV/HCV prevention intervention for Latino criminal justice clients in Miami, Florida, by using the ecological validity model. Recommendations for culturally adapting an intervention for Latinos include an emphasis on language and integrating cultural themes such as familism and machismo.

Keywords: HIV; Hispanic; Latinos; criminal justice; cultural adaptation; hepatitis C; intervention.

MeSH terms

  • Criminal Law*
  • Criminals
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Hepatitis C / prevention & control*
  • Hispanic or Latino*
  • Humans