Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome- a challenging prenatal diagnosis

Ginekol Pol. 2016;87(1):76-8. doi: 10.17772/gp/61327.


The aim of the study was to present a case of Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) in a fetus of a 33-year-old patient. At 31 weeks of gestation, the following fetal malformations were detected on an ultrasound: atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD), aortic coarctation, shortening of the lower limbs, narrow forehead, hyperthelorism, micrognathia, anteverted nares, ambiguous genitalia, and signs of intrauterine growth restriction. The baby died 11 days after birth. Further genetic screening of the parents revealed the 7-DHCR enzyme mutation in both of them. Although the prenatal diagnosis of SLOS presents a challenge due to the fact that little is known about its prenatal phenotype but it may be vital while attempting to treat the fetus in utero.

Keywords: Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome; prenatal diagnosis; ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Fetus / abnormalities*
  • Genetic Testing / methods*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal / methods*