The Effectiveness of Direct Instruction in Teaching Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder to Answer "Wh-" Questions

J Autism Dev Disord. 2016 Sep;46(9):2968-78. doi: 10.1007/s10803-016-2825-2.


Research on the effects of Direct Instruction (DI) among students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has only recently emerged. A benefit of DI is that it can be implemented with groups of students, which makes it potentially a cost effective method of instruction for some skills. In this study, we examined the effects of DI on teaching secondary students with ASD to answer three "wh-" questions. Using a multiple probe design across behaviors, results indicated the participants mastered two of the three "wh-" question types and made progress with the remaining question type. These results are discussed along with implications for educators instructing students with ASD.

Keywords: ASD; Autism; Direct instruction; Language; ‘Wh-’ questions.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / rehabilitation*
  • Communication
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Education, Special / methods*
  • Humans
  • Language Development Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Male
  • Students
  • Teaching