Introduction: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) show marked therapeutic efficacy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring the echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4-ALK fusion gene. The effect on overall survival (OS) of sequential treatment with the first- and second-generation ALK-TKIs crizotinib and alectinib, respectively, has remained unknown. We have examined the clinical outcome of such sequential treatment in a retrospective analysis of patients with ALK-rearranged NSCLC.
Materials and methods: Eleven patients with ALK-rearranged NSCLC treated with crizotinib followed by alectinib were identified. The progression-free survival (PFS) and OS for these patients were determined from a retrospective review of their medical records.
Results: The median PFS on crizotinib or alectinib was 6.1 months (range, 1.0-15.4 months) and 15.2 months (range, 1.0-28.3 months), respectively. The median combined PFS for both crizotinib and alectinib was 18.2 months (range, 10.4-43.7 months). Crizotinib was continued beyond radiographic evidence of progressive disease in 6 of the 11 patients, with a median duration of postprogression crizotinib treatment of 9.4 months (range, 0-20.5 months). The OS period from the diagnosis of metastatic disease or the initiation of crizotinib treatment was 51.1 months (range, 20.9-69.5 months) and 48.6 months (range, 19.8-50.1 months), respectively.
Conclusion: Our retrospective study has revealed durable survival for alectinib treatment after crizotinib failure in patients with ALK-rearranged NSCLC.
Keywords: ALK-TKI; Anaplastic lymphoma kinase; NSCLC; OS; PFS.
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