Is There a Relationship between Nutrition, Facial Development, and Crowding of the Teeth?

Int J Orthod Milwaukee. 2016 Spring;27(1):15-7.


Nutrition plays an important role, especially key vitamins D3 and K2 which are necessary for proper dentofacial development and food consistency influence on crowding and dental arches narrowing. Changes in our dentition and facial appearance are caused by changing our diet from primitive hunter gatherer to a more modern industrialized agriculture. Nutrition and its impact on epigeneticaly- mediated mechanisms continuously shape our phenotype which impacts overall health and can reverse the path for overall health and facial bone development. Orthodontics and nutrition both play a role in following nature's path to reestablishing facial balance and dental arches proportions to accommodate all 32 teeth.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological / physiology
  • Bone Development / physiology
  • Cholecalciferol / physiology
  • Diet
  • Epigenesis, Genetic / physiology
  • Facial Bones / growth & development
  • Food
  • Humans
  • Malocclusion / etiology*
  • Maxillofacial Development / physiology*
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
  • Nutritional Status
  • Nutritive Value
  • Phenotype
  • Vitamin K 2 / pharmacology
  • Vitamins / physiology


  • Vitamins
  • Vitamin K 2
  • Cholecalciferol