Differential transport requirements of HLA and H-2 class I glycoproteins

Immunogenetics. 1989;29(6):380-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00375866.


Transport of human and mouse major histocompatibility complex class I glycoproteins has been examined in a transport deficient B-lymphoblastoid cell line X T-lymphoblastoid cell line (B-LCL X T-LCL) hybrid, 174 X CEM.T2 (T2). This cell line expresses no detectable endogenous HLA-B5 and reduced levels of HLA-A2 on its surface although these molecules are synthesized. In order to study this defect further, either HLA-Bw58 or HLA-B7 genomic clones were transfected into T2. Metabolic labeling and immune precipitation demonstrated biosynthesis of the Bw58 or B7 glycoprotein. However, like the endogenous HLA-B5 molecule, neither HLA-Bw58 nor HLA-B7 was expressed at the cell surface. The cloned genes were properly expressed on the surface of C1R, a control B-LCL. To determine if mouse class I alleles had the same transport requirements as the human class I glycoproteins, either mouse H-2Dp or H-2Kb class I genes were introduced into T2. Surprisingly, the H-2 class I glycoproteins were transported to the cell surface normally. These data suggest a fundamental difference between human and mouse histocompatibility antigens in their requirements for intracellular transport.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • Cell Line
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Genes, MHC Class I
  • H-2 Antigens / genetics*
  • HLA Antigens / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics*
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transfection*


  • H-2 Antigens
  • HLA Antigens
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Transcription Factors